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ENMD-2076 Tartrate

Catalog No. T6132   CAS 1291074-87-7
Synonyms: ENMD-2076 L-(+)-Tartaric acid

ENMD-2076 L-(+)-Tartaric acid is the tartaric acid of ENMD-2076, selective activity against Aurora A and Flt3 with IC50 of 14 nM and 1.86 nM, 25-fold more selective for Aurora A than Aurora B and less potent to VEGFR2/KDR and VEGFR3, FGFR1 and FGFR2 and PDGFRα. Phase 2.

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ENMD-2076 Tartrate, CAS 1291074-87-7
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Purity: 98%
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Biological Description
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Storage & Solubility Information
Description ENMD-2076 L-(+)-Tartaric acid is the tartaric acid of ENMD-2076, selective activity against Aurora A and Flt3 with IC50 of 14 nM and 1.86 nM, 25-fold more selective for Aurora A than Aurora B and less potent to VEGFR2/KDR and VEGFR3, FGFR1 and FGFR2 and PDGFRα. Phase 2.
Targets&IC50 Aurora A:14 nM, FLT3:1.86 nM
In vitro ENMD-2076 indicates activity against multiple kinases involved in angiogenesis, including FLT3, RET, FLT4/VEGFR3, SRC, NTRK1, CSF1R/FMS, LCK, VEGFR2/KDR, FGFR1/2, and PDGFRα with IC50 from 1.86-120 nM. ENMD-2076 inhibits the growth of a wide range of human solid tumor and hematopoietic cancer cell lines with IC50 from 0.025-0.7 μM, which induces apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest. ENMD-2076 induces regression or complete inhibition of tumor growth in tumor xenograft models derived from breast, colon, melanoma, leukemia, and multiple myeloma cell lines. [1] ENMD-2076 is the L (+) tartrate salt of ENMD-981693. ENMD-2076 shows significant cytotoxicity against myeloma cell lines (IM9, ARH-77, U266, RPMI 8226, MM.1S, MM.1R, NCI-H929) and primary cells with IC50 from 2.99 to 7.06 μM, which induces apoptosis. ENMD-2076 indicates low cytotoxicity to haematopoietic progenitors. ENMD-2076 inhibits the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway and downregulates survivin and X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis. ENMD-2076 also inhibits aurora A and B kinases, and induces G2/M cell cycle arrest. [2]
In vivo ENMD-2076 has sustained inhibitory effects on the activation of Flt3 as well as VEGFR2/KDR and FGFR1/2 in HT29 xenograft model. ENMD-2076 could prevent the formation of new blood vessels and regress formed vessels in MDA-MB-231 xenograft model. [1] Oral treatment with ENMD-2076 (50, 100, 200 mg/kg per day) inhibits the tumour growth in H929 human plasmacytoma xenografts, with significant reduction in phospho-Histone 3 (pH3), Ki-67, and angiogenesis, and also a significant increase in cleaved caspase-3. [2]
Kinase Assay Kinase assays: Recombinant Aurora A and B kinase enzymes and appropriate PanVera Z'-Lyte kinase assay kits are purchased. Assays are carried out in kinase assay buffer (50 mM of HEPES, pH 7.5, 10 mM of MgCl2, 5 mM of EGTA, 0.05% Brij-35) supplemented with 2 mM of DTT. Activities are determined at an ATP concentration equivalent to the apparent Km for each enzyme, and an enzyme concentration that results in approximately 30% phosphorylation of the peptide substrate after 1 hour. Dose–response curves of relative enzyme activity versus ENMD-2076 concentration are plotted with Grafit and used to calculate IC50 values. Potency of ENMD-2076 free base against a select panel of 100 kinase enzymes is determined using the SelectScreen kinase profiling service. ATP concentrations are at the apparent Km for each enzyme or 100 μM if the apparent Km could not be reached. Percent inhibition is determined at an ENMD-2076 free base concentration of 1 μM; for kinases where significant inhibition is noted, IC50 values are determined by generating full 10-point dose–response curves.
Cell Research The antiproliferative effect of ENMD-2076 on adherent tumor cell lines is measured by plating 500 cells per well in a 96-well plate and incubating with ENMD-2076 for 96 hours. Cellular proliferation is measured using the sulforhodamine B assay. The leukemia-derived, nonadherent cell lines are assayed by plating 5 × 103 cells per well in a 96-well plate. The cells are incubated with ENMD-2076 for 48 hours and then survival is assayed using the Alamar Blue reagent. To measure the effect of ENMD-2076 on VEGF- and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-induced proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC), cells are serum starved for 6 hours, then treated with ENMD-2076 free base, and stimulated with 5 ng/mL bFGF or 25 ng/mL VEGF (R and D Systems) for 72 hours. Cell proliferation is measured using WST-(Only for Reference)
Synonyms ENMD-2076 L-(+)-Tartaric acid
Molecular Weight 525.566
Formula C25H31N7O6
CAS No. 1291074-87-7


Powder: -20°C for 3 years

In solvent: -80°C for 2 years

Solubility Information

H2O: <1 mg/mL

DMSO: 93 mg/mL (177 mM)

Ethanol: <1 mg/mL

( < 1 mg/ml refers to the product slightly soluble or insoluble )

References and Literature

1. Fletcher GC, et al, Mol Cancer Ther, 2011, 10(1), 126-137. 2. Wang X, et al. Br J Haematol, 2010, 150(3), 313-325.

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ENMD-2076 Tartrate 1291074-87-7 表观遗传 蛋白酪氨酸激酶 凋亡 细胞周期 血管生成 Apoptosis Aurora Kinase c-RET FGFR FLT PDGFR Src VEGFR Fibroblast growth factor receptor Cluster of differentiation antigen 135 ENMD 2076 ENMD2076 CD135 ENMD-2076 inhibit Fms like tyrosine kinase 3 ENMD2076 Tartrate ENMD-2076 L-(+)-Tartaric acid Inhibitor Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor Platelet-derived growth factor receptor ENMD 2076 Tartrate FLT3 inhibitor